Characteristics of Virginia Georgian Architecture
By P. L. Anderson, Jr.
- Chimneys: always large and of outstanding height. (Stratford Hall has the largest, I think.)
- Roof: steep slope in the English tradition for snow removal purposes. (Roofs are less steep in Italy where there is less snowfall.)
- Dormers: Virginia Georgian Architecture used both gable and hip shaped roofs on dormers. Sides are nearly always covered with beaded siding running along the slope of the main roof.
- Cornice: always heavy, usually with modillions only (sometimes with dentils in addition).
- Brickwork: nearly always laid in Flemish Bond, usually with glazed headers. At corners and around window and exterior door openings, rubbed salmon closures. It always features rubbed salmon brick jack arches over windows and doors.
- Windows: multi-paned with heavy muntins. Both straight and segmental head form. Prominent wood surrounds. Usually molded heavy wood sills.
- Brick Belt: At the second floor system (approximately), three or four courses of brick project from the exterior wall plane by 1 inch for a shadow line.
- Water Table: Near the top of the first floor line, the wall thickens 4 inches to form foundation wall. Offset uses molded brick to force rain drainage away from the building. Most often the brickwork below the water table is English Bond (all headers).
Examples of Virginia Georgians:
- Eltham, New Kent County, Virginia (burned)
- Gunston Hall, Mason Neck, Virginia
- Kenmore, Fredericksburg, Virginia
- Stratford Hall, Stratford, Virginia
- Westover, Charles City County, Virginia
Copyright © 2002 P. L. Anderson Jr.
Electronic Format Copyright © 2002 Sarah E. Mitchell